Wearing a keffiyeh is wearing a clothing item as old as thousands of years. It is its story, blurred into history, that makes every keffiyeh unique. The valleys and the light of the Middle East are deeply entangled with its fabric and patterns.
Choosing our keffiyeh means carrying around, with simplicity, a touch of oriental bright colours that will set you apart and bring back the production of this traditional headdress back where it belongs.
Yasser Hirbawi opened his factory in 1961, soon building a thriving business which by the early 1990s employed 25 workers who operated 15 machines and annually produced 150,000 keffiyehs. But following the signing of the 1993 Oslo Accords and the adoption of a free-market policy, the import of cheap keffiyehs made in China began to flood the markets worldwide. By 2010, only four machines remained in operation in the factory, with its annual production dropping to a mere 10,000 scarves. Not one of these scarves were exported since on the one hand, overseas suppliers produced mass quantities at a much lower price and, on the other hand, the shrinking Palestinian economy and the Israeli checkpoints and roadblocks created further hindrances to the production and trade for Palestinian small businesses.
The Blacklist, the iconic Netflix series, features a beautiful SEP \"May\" keffiyeh scarf, which Raymond gifts Dembe in Season 7, Episode 11. Here is a spoiler-free 2min clip showing the moment when Dembe - played by Hisham Tawfiq - receives the surprise scarf, unfolds and wears it immediately:
It is fashioned from a square scarf, and is usually made of cotton. The keffiyeh is commonly found in arid regions, as it provides protection from sunburn, dust and sand. An agal is often used by Arabs to keep it in place.
Traditionally worn by Palestinian farmers, the keffiyeh became worn by Palestinian men of any rank and became a symbol of Palestinian nationalism during the Arab Revolt of the 1930s. Its prominence increased during the 1960s with the beginning of the Palestinian resistance movement and its adoption by Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
The black-and-white fishnet pattern keffiyeh would later become Arafat's iconic symbol, and he would rarely be seen without it; only occasionally would he wear a military cap, or, in colder climates, a Russian-style ushanka hat. Arafat would wear his keffiyeh in a semi-traditional way, wrapped around his head via an agal. He also wore a similarly patterned piece of cloth in the neckline of his military fatigues. Early on, he had made it his personal trademark to drape the scarf over his right shoulder only, arranging it in the rough shape of a triangle, to resemble the outlines of historic Palestine. This way of wearing the keffiyeh became a symbol of Arafat as a person and political leader, and it has not been imitated by other Palestinian leaders.
Another Palestinian figure associated with the keffiyeh is Leila Khaled, a female member of the armed wing of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Several photographs of Khaled circulated in the Western newspapers after the hijacking of TWA Flight 840 and the Dawson's Field hijackings. These photos often included Khaled wearing a keffiyeh in the style of a Muslim woman's hijab, wrapped around the head and shoulders. This was unusual, as the keffiyeh is associated with Arab masculinity, and many believe this to be something of a fashion statement by Khaled, denoting her equality with men in the Palestinian armed struggle.
The colors of the stitching in a keffiyeh are also vaguely associated with Palestinians' political sympathies. Traditional black and white keffiyehs became associated with Fatah. Later, red and white keffiyehs were adopted by Palestinian Marxists, such as the PFLP.
Today, this symbol of Palestinian identity is now largely imported from China. With the scarf's growing popularity in the 2000s, Chinese manufacturers entered the market, driving Palestinians out of the business. In 2008, Yasser Hirbawi, who for five decades had been the only Palestinian manufacturer of keffiyehs, was struggling with sales.
British Colonel T. E. Lawrence (better known as Lawrence of Arabia) was probably the best-known Western wearer of the keffiyeh and agal during his involvement in the Arab Revolt in World War I. This image of Lawrence was later popularized by the film epic about him, Lawrence of Arabia, in which he was played by Peter O'Toole.
The 1920s silent-film era of American cinema saw studios take to Orientalist themes of the exotic Middle East, possibly due to the view of Arabs as part of the Allies of World War I, and keffiyehs became a standard part of the theatrical wardrobe. These films and their male leads typically had Western actors in the role of an Arab, often wearing the keffiyeh with the agal (as with The Sheik and The Son of the Sheik, starring actor Rudolph Valentino).
The traditional Palestinian scarf known as Keffiyeh or Hatta. Unfortunately, the local manufacturing of the symbol of the Palestinian struggle for freedom is vanishing as most keffiyeh's sold around the world and even Palestine are made in China or India. Today, only one factory remains in Palestine: The Hirbawi family in Hebron (Al-Khalil) continues to weave the only original Keffiyeh, made in Palestine.
Keffiyeh colours, styles and symbolic meaning depend on the country, as red and white is usually associated with Jordan whereas in Palestine, a black and white scarf is mainly worn for the purpose of resistance and solidarity. This became popular in the 1900s, as Palestinian rebels would wear the keffiyeh in order to hide their identity and avoid being arrested. It was also strongly solidified by Yasser Arafat, the leader of Palestine Liberation Organization, as he would almost always be wearing the scarf on his head whilst fighting against the occupation.
On our classic Palestinian keffiyeh, there are three main patterns featured, including fishnets, bold routes and olive leaves. The most famous fishnet pattern, which slightly resembles the houndstooth pattern, represents Palestinian sailors and the Mediterranean sea. Fishing was a huge aspect of Palestinian life, especially in Jaffa and Haifa. Secondly, the bold routes and lines featured symbolized trade routes of natural & cultural merchant exchange. Lastly, the wavy olive leaves represent perseverance, strength & resilience. Olive trees are a huge symbol of Palestine as well as Palestinian struggle, as it showcases the attachment to the land even as many olive farmers lose their land and beloved olive trees.
Cotton black and white arab keffiyeh also known as a kufiya or shemagh scarf for sale online. Also available in colours red and white, green, maroon for men, women. Size 110cm x 110cm square. Wear as a head wrap, over the shoulders shawl or as a fashion neck accessory. View range of the available designs from the more images link. Bulk orders welcome
The darkened stain on the flower-patterned pillowcase is unmistakable as dried blood. Wardrobes have been flung open and their contents thrown everywhere, and bedclothes are piled up on the floor.It was here, in the bedroom of a house in the Shiite quarter of Al-Aamel in southwest Baghdad, that American soldiers shot dead Jawad Kadom al-Raizi after bursting into the building early on Monday morning.For those close to him, he was a peaceful 52-year-old family man and truck driver. But to the US military, Raizi was an extremist Shiite leader implicated in dozens of killings.It is a classic case, and typical for Iraq, of two accounts of one reality.Raizi's son Adel Jawad, his eyes brimming with tears, gave his version of what happened in their home.\"At around one o'clock, I heard a bang and some shouting. The American soldiers had blown open the door and headed straight for my parents' room,\" said the teenager, his head wrapped in a red and white keffiyeh scarf.\"They pushed at the door but dad tried to stop them so mum could have time to get dressed. The bastards shot him in the head three times,\" he said, using a finger to point to his own forehead, right eye and cheekbone.The Americans, accompanied by Iraqi troops, searched the house after telling the crying family to be quiet.Acccording to Wathik Abu Fatima, the victim's brother-in-law, \"they took away some papers, and also the keys to the house and the family car, which they smashed in with their Humvee.\"Abu Fatima, in his thirties and with dark shadows under his eyes, said the soldiers then \"left quietly as if nothing had happened -- as if they'd just killed an insect.\"Version two of what had happened came several hours later, in an official statement issued by the US military command.\"An extremist brigade commander was killed Jan 21 in the Aamel neighbourhood of Baghdad during an Iraqi Special Operations Forces operation to disrupt extremist networks operating in Baghdad,\" said the statement.It said that during the raid -- \"with US Special Forces advisers\" -- \"a man ran from the assault force into another room. The assault force forced the door to the room open and entered to detain the man. In the course of his capture, the man was killed after he attempted to grab a weapon. The man was later identified as the wanted extremist commander.\"The funeral took place later on Monday. Several hundred people chanted slogans against the \"occupier\" as Raizi's coffin of plain wooden planking, draped in the Iraqi flag, was carried through the streets.To his family, the victim was not involved in politics at all, and was \"an ordinary man who was well-liked in the neighbourhood.\"To the US military, however, Raizi was \"a reported extremist commander who controlled the violent and criminal activities of 10 extremist groups operating within Baghdad.\"\"\"Credible intelligence indicates he and his group are responsible for the sectarian murder of several hundred Iraqi civilians in the past year,\" the US statement said.One Iraqi soldier who was on the raid said Raizi was suspected of supplying to, and transporting weapons for, the powerful Mahdi Army of radical Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, who announced a six-month stand down of his militia's activities last August.It is difficult to confirm which version of what happened corresponds with reality. What is certain, though, is that over the past two years sectarian violence has claimed innumerable victims in this Shiite bastion of the capital that is ringed by Sunni districts.In Al-Aamel the Mahdi Army reigns supreme. In the mourning tent set up outside the Raizi house so his family could receive condolences on Tuesday, several of those paying their respects wore the black of Sadr's militia.\"He is a martyr,\" said one mourner. \"Blood creates blood -- our tribes will take their revenge.\"But one local dignitary, his fingers heavy with silver rings and a man who obviously had the ear of the militiamen, was more diplomatic.\"This regrettable incident comes at a time when we are involved in many initiatives to restore calm to the district,\" Abu Ahmed said.\"Contacts with our Sunni neighbours have been re-established and incidents with the Americans are down. But now If they come back I can no longer give a guarantee...\" 59ce067264