The German Lutheran Church (Evangelical Lutheran Church in Germany) is the largest member of the Lutheran World Federation. The second largest member of the Lutheran World Federation is the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia, the Latvian member of the world federation. There are also other Lutheran members of the Federation, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, the Church of Scotland and the Church of Sweden. The Norwegian Lutheran Church is also a member of the Lutheran World Federation. The Church of Denmark and the Church of Sweden are members of the Nordic Council. The Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (Ekkehard-Kirchhoff-Stiftung) is a member of the Augsburg Covenant. The Church of England is a diocese of the Anglican Communion. The Bishop of Durham is the diocesan bishop of the Anglican Diocese of Durham. The Church of Scotland is a member of the worldwide Anglican Communion. An earlier form of Lutheranism is the Lutheran denomination of north Germany. The Reformed (Protestant) world Federation is the World Council of Churches. The World Alliance of Reformed Churches is a member of the World Council of Churches. The Mennonites, the United Methodist Church, the Jehovah's Witnesses, the Quakers and the United Church of Christ belong to the World Council of Churches. The German branch of the United Methodist Church (United Methodist Church in Germany) is the largest German member of the World Council of Churches. With 1.6 million members, the Roman Catholic Church is by far the largest religious institution in Germany.
Germany is traditionally a Christian state. Although the state is religiously neutral, many names of locations, institutions, and organisations are Christian in origin. Until 1918, all rulers of Germany were members of the House of Guelph; until 1945, Protestantism was the religion of the state. From 1945 to the present, the state has been officially non-religious. The overwhelming majority of Germans are Catholic. Protestantism is also the largest minority religion in Germany, with around 12.2% of the population. In the 2011 census, 66.7% of the population declared themselves to be members of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). The remaining population consists of Catholics (13.6%) as well as Lutherans (8.9%), Orthodox Christians (2.2%), and others (1.3%).
In Germany, over four million people are foreign nationals, and around 2.2 million work in the country. The EZB and other central banks in the EU use German law when issuing Euro banknotes and coinage.
The German flag is blue, with a white stylized eagle in the centre. The eagle's right claw holds a wreath of oak leaves, and its left claw holds a lion's mane (Tigris and Euphrates), all in the colours of the German state colours (reversed). The colours of the German states were adopted in the 19th century (Westphalia), and are mainly taken from the imperial flag of the Holy Roman Empire. The eagle is also in the colours of the German Imperial Crown. The European Union flag is placed above the eagle and wreath, with five of the eight stars of the EU flag on the eagle's wings. The colours are taken from the EU state flags. A postage stamp for Germany features an eagle holding a wreath of oak leaves in his right claw; the other claw holds a lion's mane, all in the colours of the German state colours. The stamp was issued in the first quarter of the 20th century, and is a classic design of the period. 827ec27edc