From the 19th century the philosophy of science has been shaped by a group of influential figures. Who were they Why do they matter This introduction brings to life the most influential thinkers in the philosophy of science, uncovering how the field has developed over the last 200 years.Taking up the subject from the time when some philosophers began to think of themselves not just as philosophers but as philosophers of science, a team of leading contemporary philosophers explain, criticize and honour the giants. Now updated and revised throughout, the second edition includes: Easy-to-follow overviews of pivotal thinkers including John Stuart Mill, Rudolf Carnap, Thomas Kuhn, Karl Popper, and many more Coverage of central issues such as experience and necessity, logical empiricism, falsifiability, paradigms, the sociology of science, realism, and feminist critiques An afterword looking ahead to emerging research trends Study questions and further reading lists at the end of each chapterPhilosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers demonstrates how the ideas and arguments of these figures laid the foundations of our understanding of modern science.
This indispensable reference source and guide to the major themes, debates, problems and topics in philosophy of science contains fifty-five specially commissioned entries by a leading team of international contributors. Organized into four parts it covers:
The Companion covers everything students of philosophy of science need to know - from empiricism, explanation and experiment to causation, observation, prediction and more - and contains many helpful features including: a section on the individual sciences, including chapters on the philosophy of biology, chemistry, physics and psychology, further reading and cross-referencing at the end of each chapter.
J. A. Cover is professor of philosophy at Purdue University. Leaving a research post after completing a B.S. in biochemistry and biophysics at the University of California, Davis, he took a B.A. in philosophy at Syracuse University, where he later received his M.A. and Ph.D. Published widely in journals and books on issues in early modern philosophy, metaphysics, and philosophy of science, he is coeditor of Central Themes in Early Modern Philosophy (Hackett, 1990), coauthor of Theories of Knowledge and Reality, Second Edition (McGraw-Hill, 1994), coauthor of Leibniz on Substance and Individuation (Cambridge, 1999), and coeditor of Leibniz: Nature and Freedom (Oxford, 2005).
After a slow start, philosophers of science have begun to devotemore attention to the role of computer simulation inscience. Several areas of philosophical interest incomputer simulation have emerged: What is the structure of theepistemology of computer simulation What is the relationshipbetween computer simulation and experiment Does computersimulation raise issues for the philosophy of science that are notfully covered by recent work on models more generally What doescomputer simulation teach us about emergence About the structureof scientific theories About the role (if any) of fictions inscientific modeling 153554b96e